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Beyond the Bale : Feb 07 - Mar 07 Supplement
The Beyond the Bale supplement is published by Australian Wool Innovation Limited (AWI), a company funded by Australian sheep and wool producer s and the Australian Government. AWI's mission is to drive research, development, innovation and marketing that will increase the long-term profitability of Australian woolgrowers. The company invests in products and practices to help woolgrower s reduce the cost of production on their farms, and also under takes activities aimed at increasing the demand for Australian Merino wool. Executive Editor: Richard Smith, Senior Project Manager, Publications, AWI AWI, Level 5, 16-20 Barrack St, Sydney NSW 2000 AWI, GPO Box 4177, Sydney NSW 2001 P (02) 9299 5155 F (02) 9299 9880 E email@example.com W www.woolinnovation.com.au AWI info line 1800 070 099 Subscription: Beyond the Bale and supplement are available free . To subscribe, contact Richard Smith at AWI on 02 9299 5155, email firstname.lastname@example.org. Beyond the Bale is online at www.wool.com.au Copyright: Material in the Beyond the Bale supplement is copyright. Reproduction of the material is encouraged. However, due acknowledgement is required. Disclaimer: Information in the Beyond the Bale supplement is not intended as professional advice. AWI will not accept responsibility for any liability arising from reliance on the contents. The Beyond the Bale supplement is written and produced for AWI by Coretext Pty Ltd Editorial director: Brad Collis Editor : Kellie Penfold Creative director : Tim Claeys Coretext, GPO Box 5357, Melbourne Vic 3001 P (03) 9670 1168 F (03) 9670 1127 E email@example.com W www.coretext.com.au ISSN: 1447-9680 Cover photo: Alan Hender son, Museum Victoria BATTLING THE BLOWFLY 2 FLIES EATING INTO PROFITS 3 BREEDING BARE-BREECH RAMS 4 THE FUTURE OF MULESING 6 NEW MULESING MANUAL 6 INJECTABLE SOLUTION AHEAD 8 CLIPS AHOY! 9 GETTING PLASTIC CLIPS TO MARKET:THE RESEARCH PATH 10 PARASITES IN AWI'S SIGHTS 12 MEETING THE INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE CHALLENGE 13 BIOTECHNOLOGY 14 MAKING USE OF PARASITES 15 By AWI's Richard Smith Flystrike costs the Australian sheep and wool industry $280 million a year through $83 million in lost income and $197 million in costs. Of all the forms of flystrike, breech strike represents the greatest loss ($147 million), followed by body strike ($103 million) and pizzle strike ($30 million). There are no easy solutions to what is an historical problem of preventing and managing the damage caused by flystrike. In the past 80 years, a great deal of time, effort and research dollars have been invested to advance knowledge and help find the best ways to combat the problem. The industry has recently stepped up its quest for new management practices and technologies that further improve animal health and welfare, and millions of dollars are being spent to improve prevention and control methods for flystrike. The industry's long-term aim is to continue to lead the world in the use of effective and efficient animal management systems. AWI is taking a wide-ranging approach to the issue to ensure all avenues of control are considered -- from the blowfly to the sheep. Every aspect is being addressed from a practical angle in an endeavour to provide the industry with a range of tools that effectively care for the health of sheep and eliminate the problem of flystrike. Based on existing technology, mulesing and tail docking are the most practical, effective and humane methods of breech flystrike prevention currently available to Australian woolgrowers. Without these management tools a large number of sheep would die in years when conditions are conducive to flystrike. The industry's commitment to phase out mulesing by 2010 is a very public declaration that new and even more effective methods of maintaining animal health will be developed. While research and development activities never carry a guarantee of success, the development of new technology, new approaches and a continued commitment to animal welfare place the Australian wool industry in a strong position. Progress with a number of alternatives has been positive and AWI expects at least one alternative to be available during 2007. The approach adopted by AWI in spreading its efforts over a number of areas is all about improving long-term outcomes for the industry. In all probability there is no one simple answer to the issue, rather it will be a combination of improved technology, breeding and animal management that will provide a way to better control the impact of blowflies on the Australian wool industry. Projects being funded range from the development of animal-friendly replacements for mulesing through to genetic solutions, biological methods for blowfly control and improvements in the use of controls available through integrated pest management. ú More information: www.wool.com.au BATTLING THE BLOWFLY Reducing flystrike is a research priority for the Australian wool industry. Its research body, AWI, is developing a range of tools that effectively care for the health of sheep and eliminate the problem of flystrike IN THIS ISSUE OVERVIEW 2 BEYOND THE BALE BLOWFLY SUPPLEMENT We don't love 'Lucy' More than 90 per cent of all flystrikes are caused by the imported blowfly, Lucilia cuprina. 'Lucy' is attracted by the ammonia in urine and the smell caused by fleece rot (bacteria), and breeds mostly on living sheep, laying about 250 eggs in clusters in damp fleece. Flesh- eating maggots up to 13 millimetres long then emerge and create painful wounds. Untreated, these maggots cause the sheep considerable pain, stress and suffering and, in many cases, an agonising death from blood poisoning. The Australian wool industry has a positive worldwide reputation for animal husbandry practices that produce healthy, contented animals.The industry is now investing millions of dollars to not only protect this reputation but also maintain the health of Australian sheep and provide better, more cost-effective means of preventing and controlling flystrike for Australian woolgrowers. AWI's approach targets all facets of the complex blowfly problem. P6 P15
Apr 07 - May 07
Feb 07 - Mar 07